The Institute of the Americas was pleased to collaborate on the inaugural “Women in Energy 2019” conference in Quito, Ecuador. Jacqueline Sanchez, Energy Policy Associate, participated on a panel of women professionals in the energy and finance sectors, including Daniela Espinosa, Co-founder and COO, Kushki, Laurie Fitzmaurice, VP Business Development Mexico, EDF Renewable Energy North America, Sofía Zárate, Commercial Specialist, US Embassy Quito and Rocio Velarde, Country Manager, Citibank Ecuador. The panel “Women Planning the Future” focused on key themes related to women in leadership, the role of technology, the current challenges and opportunities and the development opportunities for women empowerment for the next decade. (more…)
This December marks the one-year anniversary of Mexican president Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s inauguration. A year into his term, there is considerable clarity as to how his policies have impacted the investment climate for the energy sector. At an event co-hosted by the Institute of the Americas and Inter-American Dialogue, panelists discussed the challenges and opportunities that private investors face across various sectors including power, renewables, oil and natural gas.
Mexico City, Oct. 23, 2019. The Institute of the Americas signed a Collaboration Agreement with Mexico’s Chamber of Senators who are members of Mexico’s Commission of Health. Senators on the Commission represent all Mexican political parties including Morena, PRI, PAN, PRD, PT, and the Movimiento Ciudadano.
The purpose of this agreement is to establish a framework for cooperation and development of inter-institutional activities in the fields of life science and biotech, as well as other fields related to health in Mexico and the United States of America. The areas of collaboration include: biotechnology, medical tourism, community outreach, healthcare strategies, immigrant health, among others.
Institute President, Theodore Gildred, III stated, “Signing this important agreement to collaborate with the Mexican Commission of Health is an important step in the Institute’s implementation of its Life Science & Biotech Program. On behalf of the Institute, I am honored to enter into this collaboration with the Commission of Health. The commitment of 18 Mexican Senators is truly outstanding. The Institute looks forward to working closely with the Commission and its individual Senators as we move forward to address the opportunities and challenges in the life science and biotech arena.”
Over the Institute’s 37-year history, it has had a special and close relationship with Mexico, regularly hosting Mexican public officials, businessmen, thought leaders, academics, teachers, students and journalists at its conferences, workshops, seminars, and special events. The Institute has hosted several Latin American heads of state; including three Mexican presidents.
Founded in 1983, the Institute of the Americas, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, is headquartered in La Jolla, California. It has a broad network throughout the Americas playing a pivotal role in the Western Hemisphere as an honest and neutral convener. Its top three programs are its Energy & Sustainability Program, STEM Education Program, and Life Sciece & Biotech Program.
For more information, please contact Mr. Theodore Gildred, III, President or Dr.Martha Pizani, MAS Life Science & Biotech Program Director at (858) 964-1713. Email: email@example.com
Institute of the Americas Director, Energy Transition Initiative
March 8, 2019
This article was fist published in PV Magazine
Durante décadas, los mercados de generación renovable distribuida (GD) han estado creciendo en el hemisferio occidental en áreas fuera de la red. Sin embargo, los proyectos fotovoltaicos conectados a la red están en apogeo, en la mayoría de los países América Latina que están desarrollando sus programas de transición energética. El último país en anunciar la promulgación de leyes para el mercado GD es Argentina.
En diciembre de 2018, Argentina publicó regulaciones para implementar la ley No. 27.191 para acelerar su mercado GD, descentralizar las fuentes de energía, reducir las emisiones y crear empleos. Al igual que con la mayoría de las medidas legales y reglamentarias incipientes, el éxito dependerá del diseño de políticas adecuadas que atraigan la inversión local y hagan crecer su mercado GD en forma sostenible. El momento no podría ser mejor, ya que los costos de la tecnología renovable se encuentran en su nivel más bajo en la historia, y Argentina puede aprender de las lecciones significativas de mercados más maduros, evitar errores y adaptar las mejores prácticas a su conjunto único de condiciones.
Desde los mercados altamente promocionados como California, México y Brasil, vemos políticas en común como son el aumento de los costos de la electricidad convencional, la fácil interconexión y la medición neta. Sin embargo, la medición neta puede no ser un motor de arranque en Argentina donde los distribuidores de electricidad y los operadores de la red parecen opuestos a esta política. Además, los precios de la electricidad en Argentina son artificialmente bajos, y actualmente se encuentran cerca de los USD $ 0.05 / kWh. Sin embargo, a partir de ese desafío hay una oportunidad para que el gobierno reduzca sus subsidios a la electricidad al mismo tiempo que sustituye las fuentes de energía limpia con un programa de GD bien diseñado y ejecutado. Cada vez está más claro que existen opciones para que Argentina pueda superar su conjunto único de desafíos.
Si reducir los subsidios a la energía es políticamente prohibitivo en Argentina e incluso los precios solares actuales no son rentables para la mayoría de usuarios, el mercado de GD podría beneficiar a los grandes consumidores de energía en el sector industrial que actualmente pagan más de USD $ 0,10 / kWh.
El Salvador y Guatemala, por ejemplo no ofrecen medición neta y el exceso de generación de sistemas fotovoltaicos se compensa a los precios de mayoreo, pero su recuperación es de casi menos de 5 años, según los instaladores locales, porque las tarifas de electricidad actuales son de dos dígitos. Para mercado de grandes usuarios de energía, la facilidad de las reglas de interconexión y el acceso a financiamiento de bajo costo pueden ser incentivos suficientes. Esto podría crear un impulso para acelerar la industria local, ya que los proveedores e instaladores de tecnología fotovoltaica pueden crecer, competir y reducir los costos de instalación. Si el país desea llegar a los consumidores residenciales que pagan menos de USD $ 0,10 / kWh, el desafío es mucho mayor.
La Comisión de Servicios Públicos de California enfrentó una situación similar al implementar la Iniciativa Solar del Estado. Aunque las tarifas de electricidad eran altas para comenzar, la tecnología era un 80% más cara que hoy, por lo que la energía solar no era factible cuando se creó la Iniciativa. Los subsidios se diseñaron para pagar los kWhs de energía solar producida por los clientes, pero los subsidios solo duraban cinco años porque ese fue el tiempo estimado y aceptable para el retorno de la inversión. De manera similar, los clientes de energía solar argentinos podrían obtener un subsidio basado en la producción de kWhs por un corto período de tiempo como incentivo para acelerar el mercado, especialmente cuando la medición neta no es una opción.
El fácil acceso y el bajo costo de financiamiento pueden ayudar a Argentina a promover el mercado de GD de manera efectiva. América Latina es conocida por sus altas tasas de interés, a menudo más del 10%. A pesar de que los costos de la energía fotovoltaica se encuentran en un mínimo histórico, el pago de una tasa de interés del 12% para un proyecto fotovoltaico industrial cambiaría la rentabilidad desde un par de años si se compra en efectivo hasta diez años o más cuando se financia. Por lo tanto, Argentina podría diseñar un programa de préstamos con tasas de interés más bajas que las actuales. El fondo podría recuperarse y regenerarse para ayudar a los futuros clientes. Un financiamiento factible podría hacer que los proyectos de GD sean rentables y el mercado crecería de inmediato.
Para que la Generación Distribuida prospere en Argentina, las inversiones en energía solar deben obtener un retorno de inversión razonable. Tener eso en mente y al mismo tiempo asegurarse de que los distribuidores de energía paguen una tarifa justa por el exceso de kWhs puede parecer complicado, pero estos son dos de los detalles más importantes a considerar para que las políticas de GD muevan al mercado. Afortunadamente, varios países en el mundo le brindan a Argentina un menú de herramientas de políticas que se pueden modificar y adaptar para arrancar un mercado con éxito.
United States Ambassador Theodore Edmonds Gildred, ambassador to Argentina from 1986 – 1989 during that country’s newfound democratic presidency, died on January 3, 2019, at his home in Montana. He lived primarily in North San Diego County, CA. Ambassador Gildred reported to President Reagan, President George H. W. Bush, and Secretary of State George Schultz. Ted was 83 years old. He had suffered serious illness for some time.
Lomas Santa Fe Inc.
In civilian life, Ambassador Gildred was an influential developer in the San Diego area for over 50 years, having received numerous awards, one of which acclaimed him a visionary in San Diego development. In north county San Diego, CA, his development company, Lomas Santa Fe Inc., built the vast majority of residences, shopping centers, parks, office buildings, and a country club in the sprawling Lomas Santa Fe section of Solana Beach. As Chairman of the Board and key shareholder, he founded Torrey Pines Bank there, which later became part of Wells Fargo Bank. In business, Lomas Santa Fe was his proudest achievement. But Ted had personal endeavors at which he excelled, as well.
In 1935, Ted was born in Mexico City to an American and Mexican developer, Theodore Gildred, and Maxine Gildred, an accomplished opera singer. Young Ted went to school in Mexico City and in San Diego. After graduating high school, he applied to and graduated from Leland Stanford Jr. University near Palo Alto, CA.
Life of Service
Ted volunteered for the United States Army in 1956 and served as an M.P. in Germany during the late years of the Marshall Plan of reconstruction. Off duty, as is the case in young peoples’ lives, Ted and his buddies were sometimes given to shenanigans, but, he said, he was proud to serve and that service made him grow up.
Spiriting out a Muscovite to Sweden
After that, Ted pursued studies at the Sorbonne in Paris and at the University of Heidelberg, Germany. During that period, just prior to Gary Powers’ U-2 being shot down over Russia, Ted made a trip to Moscow, U.S.S.R., and was instrumental in spiriting out a Muscovite to Sweden, where she lived a long, happy life. Years later Ted became friends with Powers.
Ted Gildred was a founding member of the Buenos Aires chapter of YPO, the Young Presidents’ Organization, which brings together young leaders throughout the world in order to promote understanding and cooperation between countries, cultures, and the unique challenges young entrepreneurs encounter.
French 24 Hours of Le Mans
Ted Gildred was a licensed racecar driver and collector of a wide range of significant, vintage cars. He raced for more than forty years, primarily throughout California. He enjoyed competing in many car rallies, as well, driving with friends and family. When he had a chance to sponsor and co-drive a car with the famous George Follmer at Le Mans in 1986, he sponsored the car but had to step out of the driver’s seat at the request of the United States Department of State pending his appointment to an Ambassadorship. Ted’s car, painted in proud American flag style, took 3rd overall and 1st in class at the world famous French 24 Hours of Le Mans that year.
Racing and collecting cars was not Ted’s only recreational passion. He was also an avid aviator, attaining the highest instrument rating available from the FAA. While in dire weather in Argentina, the Ambassador was even once asked to and did take the controls of the Embassy plane.
As Ambassador and as a pilot, he once had the great privilege of riding along with the Blue Angels. He was, like his father before him, inducted into the San Diego Air and Space Museum Hall of Fame. Ted twice re-enacted his father’s record-setting flight from San Diego to Quito, Ecuador. On the 50th anniversary he flew a depression-era aircraft. On the 75th anniversary, he flew a modern aircraft. At the end of the 1931 flight, Ted’s father donated his plane to the Ecuadorian Government teaching postal service pilots to fly the plane, thereby establishing the first airmail system over the Ecuadorian Andes. During the anniversary flights, Ted used the journeys to promote friendship opportunities between officials and dignitaries of Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, and Ecuador.
Theodore Edmonds Gildred, Ted, was attentive to charities, as well. He donated the land to build the Boys and Girls Club of Solana Beach, was one of the founders of the San Diego Community Foundation, and generously gave numerous other charitable gifts. He gave to many charities over the years, including the Scripps Institute, the Francis Parker School, Stanford University, UCSD, the Madison Valley Medical Center, and the Jonas Salk Institute. Dr. Salk had been a dear friend of Ted and of Ted’s father.
Institute of the Americas Founder
In 1982, Theodore Edmonds Gildred, having returned from a tour of Latin America where he met with heads of state and other dignitaries, founded the Institute of the Americas, seeding it with an ample endowment. With the help of Dr. Richard Atkinson, Ted convinced the University of California, San Diego and its Board of Regents to allow him to build several buildings at the University, one of which houses the Institute. Since then, the Institute of the Americas has raised money, facilitated influential relationships between people in all of South and North America, provided education for young scholars, produced research papers to the academy in order to promote discourse and understanding, and met with officials of governments, the World Bank, the IMF, and CAF to encourage stable, sustainable development and peace in Latin America. Its vital mission continues to this day.
Award-Winning Ranch Community
Ted and a partner bought the sprawling 27,000-acre Sun Ranch near Yellowstone Park in the Madison Valley of Montana, significantly improving it while preserving wildlife habitat. Years later, in the early 1990s, having sold the Sun Ranch, Ted created an award-winning ranch community across the Madison River on 2,000 acres he had purchased shortly after buying the Sun Ranch. Sun West Ranch was ahead of its time in responsible development concept of extraordinary lands, having selected discreet, ample acreage homesites away from the river in order to preserve the pristine landscape. 1,600 of the 2,000 acres is forever dedicated to open space. The development is so well designed that property owners and drivers-by do not see hidden homes within all the natural splendor.
After returning from Argentina in 1989 where polo is ubiquitous and Ted became an avid player, Ted helped found the first Polo Club in north San Diego County. He had always been a good horseman. He further belonged to several service clubs, as well, who honored him for his service and many achievements.
Ted never forgot how fortunate he was for his education. He understood how it opens opportunities for people. Theodore Edmonds Gildred funded permanent professorship chairs of Latin American Studies at Stanford University and of U.S.-Mexican Relations at University of California San Diego.
Love for his Family
All of these worldly accomplishments and more filled one of the fullest and, in Ted’s mind, luckiest lives ever lived. But combined, they did not compare to the love he had for his family. Ted was preceded in death by his brother, Stuart. Ted is survived by the love of his life, his wife, Heidi Coppin Gildred. He is survived by his sisters, Lynne Gildred of San Francisco and Helen Gildred of Marin County, CA. He is further survived by his children: Theodore Edmonds Gildred III of San Diego County, Jennifer Gildred Piper of Sonoma County, CA; Edward Gildred of Los Angeles; John Gildred of Los Gatos, CA; Tory Gildred Hober of Seattle, WA; Stephen Gildred of Del Mar, CA; and Kimberly Dunn O’Neill of Atascadero, CA. Ted is also survived by his four grandchildren, Maximillian Gildred, Joshua Gildred, Sara Gildred, and Harper Charlotte Hober as well as numerous nieces and nephews. At the end of the day, the love he had for each and all of these people was what mattered most to him. He loved each of them without qualification. He was indeed a busy man, an exacting man, and at times a stern and proud man. But, as the dust settled, he was most sure and heartened that he loved and did it for them.
In lieu of flowers the family suggests a donation to the Madison Valley Medical Center Foundation in Ennis Montana, the Institute of the Americas on the campus of UCSD or a charity of the donor’s choice.
Services will be held at the Village Community Presbyterian Church in Rancho Santa Fe at 11:30 AM on January 18, 2019.
Dec 11 2018 – Washington DC
November’s midterm elections altered the balance of power in Washington, and the new Democratic majority in the House of Representatives, which will mean new chairs on key committees, will play an important role in shaping US energy diplomacy and energy markets in the Western Hemisphere. At an event co-hosted by the Inter-American Dialogue and the Institute of the Americas, panelists discussed how the new Congress will approach key issues affecting energy within the context of Latin America’s evolving role in US trade and foreign policy.
In his keynote remarks, Nelson Cunningham, president of McLarty Associates, stressed that the approval of the United States Mexico Canada Agreement (USMCA) will take center stage as the new Congress assumes power, with major consequences for North American trade. Though the Democratic base has become increasingly pro-trade, Speaker-designate Nancy Pelosi and House Democrats may be reluctant to yield a major political win to President Donald Trump, and Pelosi could attempt to stall a vote on the deal as she did with the Colombia Free Trade Agreement in 2008.
At least publicly, Democratic leaders have expressed their desire to work with the president on reaching an agreement, which could deliver some minor improvements over the original North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), but they have concerns about elements related to labor and the environment, as well as about the deal’s overall enforceability, panelists noted. It remains to be seen whether the president is willing to negotiate or will resort immediately to his nuclear option: a unilateral withdrawal from NAFTA, which would leave Democrats with six months to decide between the USMCA and the grim alternative of no free trade deal at all. All parties would lose in North America’s highly integrated energy industry, including US refiners and gas producers that import crude oil, steel, and aluminum from both neighboring countries and export heavily to Mexico.
Beyond trade, Congress also has broad powers in global energy diplomacy. The House has important influence on areas such as foreign aid, tax policy, and natural gas exports. Panelists discussed strategic goals the new Congress can pursue next year, such as preventing oil from becoming part of conflicts in the region and reinforcing political stability and good governance. In particular, two new committee chairs will shoulder special responsibility in setting the agenda. Representative Eliot Engel, who will take the helm as chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, brings a strong track record in US-Latin America engagement, having previously chaired the Western Hemisphere Subcommittee. Representative Albio Sires will assume the top role on that subcommittee, and will emphasize his tough stance on Venezuela and on Cuba, where he was born. Closer cooperation on energy in the hemisphere will benefit both the US and Latin American partners, and in the current complex political environment, the new Congress should resolve not to let it fall by the wayside.